An Energy-harvesting Building Facade

for Building Information System

Overview

Authors

Photo of Fangliang Chen, Ph.D., PE

Fangliang Chen, Ph.D., PE

Senior Structural Engineer

Schüco International KG

fchen@schuco-usa.com

Photo of Qiliang Lin, Ph.D.

Qiliang Lin, Ph.D.

Columbia University

Schüco USA

ql2241@columbia.edu

Photo of Tejav DeGanyar, Ph.D., PE

Tejav DeGanyar, Ph.D., PE

Directior

Schüco International KG

TDeGanyar@schuco-usa.com

Photo of Huiming Yin, Ph.D., PE,

Huiming Yin, Ph.D., PE,

Professor of Columbia University

hy2251@Columbia.edu


Abstract

In order to reduce energy consumption throughout the whole life-cycle of buildings and increase the comfort performance of building sectors, an energy-harvesting building facade is explored by integrating a self-powered wireless sensing unit into the building facade. The demo self-powered wireless sensing unit presented is specially designed for a unitized window system, which is placed and sealed inside the window section and extracts energy from the ambient environment for its own power supply. By taking advantage of the excellent thermal break performance of modern window systems, ambient thermal energy from the temperature gradient across building facades is harvested via thermal electric generator. The harvested energy will be stored in rechargeable batteries and managed by an integrated circuit to power up sensors and wireless communication devices to transfer sensed data to the data server of the network, which will inform a building information system (BIS) for the optimal control of building environment.

Introduction

The buildings sector is the largest consumer of electricity. It was reported that the buildings sector accounts for about 76% of electricity use and 40% of all U.S. primary energy

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TPWSN System Design

The architecture of a TPWSN is schematically drawn in Figure 1, with two major units: the energy harvesting and the wireless sensor network. The data from the TPWSN node will

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Energy Harvesting Unit

Energy Harvester

Generally, the thermal insulation is the key to quantify the performance of a window/façade system. The thermal bridging and infiltration losses shall be minimized as much as possible, to

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Wireless Sensor Network Unit

The energy harvested from the environment is majorly consumed via the wireless sensor network (WSN) unit, which is responsible for ambient environment monitoring, initial data processing, and wireless communication to

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System Integration and Performance Test

The testing configuration is demonstrated in Figure 8. The bottom of the window frame is immersed into the ice water for the cooling and the top is attached with a

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Conclusion

A self-powered wireless sensor network unit has been designed and tested inside a window frame, to provide a platform for the application of different sensors and processors for smart window

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Acknowledgements

The authors thank the technical support from Prof. Yi-Chung Chen from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Tennessee State University.

Rights and Permissions

[1] US Department of Energy, “Quadrennial Technology Review 2015-An Assessment of Energy Technologies and Research Opportunities, Chapter 5: Increasing Efficiency of Building Systems and Technologies,” US Department of Energy, 2015.

[2] M. Manic, D. Wijayasekara, K. Amarasinghe, and J. J. Rodriguez-Andina, “Building Energy Management Systems: The Age of Intelligent and Adaptive Buildings,” IEEE Ind. Electron. Mag., vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 25–39, Mar. 2016.

[3] M. A. Berawi, P. Miraj, M. S. Sayuti, and A. R. B. Berawi, “Improving building performance using smart building concept: Benefit cost ratio comparison,” AIP Conf. Proc., vol. 1903, no. 1, p. 030001, Nov. 2017.

[4] F. K. Shaikh and S. Zeadally, “Energy harvesting in wireless sensor networks: A comprehensive review,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 55, pp. 1041–1054, 2016.